Swine flu is a respiratory disease communicated through virus that infect the respiratory tract of pigs and results in nasal secretions; burking – like cough, decreasing appetite. Occasionally pigs transmit influenza viruses to people; mainly farm worker and veterinarians. It usually mimics regular flu. It should seek immediate attention if there is high fever associated with sudden breathlessness. A normal immune person may not easily prone to swine flu. It shoots up during summers and monsoons. Symptoms of swine flu includes high fever, breathing distress, chest pain while breathing; coughing a blood tinged sputum; chills; diarrhoea; sore throat and fatigue. Swine flu spreads as a droplet infection. Infants, pregnant women, pneumonia patient, COPD are risk group, which are easily afflicted with swine flu. Swine flu is diagnosed with RT – PCR (Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction) as it provides timely and sensitive detection of infection. Being Pandemic disease; WHO has laid principles of treating Swine flu to prevent its fatal results. Its key principles include Basic symptomatic care; early use of antiviral drugs for high risk group; careful fluid replacement to avoid shock. Preventive steps for Swine flu includes emphasizing respiratory etiquette and hand hygiene, distancing, adequate room ventilation and use of surgical mask for those in close contact with patients of illness. Along with conventional treatment, traditional medicine can be recommended as symptomatic management and as a supportive treatment. Traditional medicines as Nilavembhu Kudineer, Kabasura Kudineer, Amukkura chooram, Brahmnanda bhairavam enhances the immunity with its anti oxidant enhancement.
Poly herbal siddha medicines as Thaaleesadi chooram, Nilavembhu Kashayam exhibit preventive as well as therapeutic value.
Herbal decoction of Tulasi, adathodai, Kantankatiri, Parpatakam, Karpooravalli, Seenthil can combat fever along with respiratory distress. Traditional medications are prime as preventive medicine; rather than a cure the prognosis of the disease varies depending on immunity, stage of infection; risk group and clinical management of fluid balance.
As Swine flu infection has less probability among immune humans; siddha system advise medicine to build immunity.